There are a number of skin problems that arise due to lapse in one’s skincare routine. So, women need to confront this situation effectively, and embark upon damage control mode, which could ultimately help them recover fully from the skin condition they are affected with. Similarly, there is the problem of skin discoloration, which arises due to various things. This is also called hyperpigmentation of the skin; that is, darkening of some areas of the skin more than other areas. So, one finds that the areas become dark in this case. This is because of the increase in the level of melanin, and the most obvious solution to prevent this situation from occurring is to wear sunscreen all the time. One must not wait for this problem to appear in order to apply sunscreen; rather, sunscreen should be regularly applied. Here are some types of skin discolouration and their specific treatments.
In this type of skin discolouration the colour of the skin changes to medium brown from original light brown colour. And, this type of pigmentation is found on upper part of nose, face, cheeks, lip, and forehead. One is able to see splotchy patches which don’t have consistent size and shape. The most common cause is birth control, or pregnancy. Moreover, exposure to sun is another cause for this. This skin condition is challenging to treat since it can reoccur in future; however, one could always combat it by using various products that are rich in ingredients like Retin-A, hydroquinine, glycolic acid, lactic acid, or salicylic acid peels, Vitamin C, Cosmelan, etc. Moreover, one could also go for Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatment for better results.
Sunspots are also known as age spots or liver spots. The skin becomes dark brown in this case. These spots are commonly found on chest, face, and hands. These spots appear as flat, small, and dark spots. So, they are caused by sun, and the most effective treatment is to apply Retinol. One may also treat it with IPL or laser surfacing.
PIH could be noticed anywhere on face. The skin becomes brown, red, or pink in colour. It is caused due to inflammatory acne, and the spots appear to be flat. The most effective way to treat it is applying chemical peels containing light salicylic acid. However, if one is suffering from acne condition as well, then blue light and red light treatments are suggested by experts.
Freckles are caused by the sun. The skin changes it colour to dark brown, red, or even black. Freckles can appear on chest, arms, and face. They are quite small spots but are concentrated. The most obvious treatment is to use sunscreen effectively throughout the year; however, one may also go for other treatments like Fraxel or laser.
Hence, it is learnt that the common cause of hyperpigmentation is exposure to sun. So, first and foremost, one must make it a point to wear the sunscreen daily, regardless of the weather conditions. If this thing is ensured then the possibility of occurrence of this problem can be greatly reduced.